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JOB AND MENTAL HEALTH

Said Pournaghash, Ph.D. Azzahra University

The impact of employment (or having a job) on people's mental health is of great importance. In fact, after fulfilling the most basic biological needs of an individual (e.g., hunger), other needs or desires which can greatly influence one's mental health, must be fulfilled, one of which is the need for a job or employment. Mental health studies on the consequences of employment have shown that having a job cannot only decrease the irksome effects of many stressors but also can satiate some other human needs such as the need for belongingness, internal security, self-actualization and bonding with other people.

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The concepts and targets of Mental Health?

The concepts and targets of Mental Health?
By : Dr. S.A. Hosseini , M.D.

Keywords : Mental Health, Prevention (primary, secondary, tertiary), Promotion, Development

Mental Health has two basic concepts:

1.Prevention of psychosocial disturbances, with three components (primary, secondary, tertiary).

 

2.Promotion of mental health and development. Each of the above targets should cover 100% of the population of all inhabitants of the globe.

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Mental Health in Accordance to Ellis Approach

Mental Health in Accordance to Ellis Approach
Hamid Nejat (M.A) and Hossein Azad(ph.D)

According to Ellis (1973), much uneasiness and derangement in people's lives is because of irrational and unreal beliefs about themselves and their surrounding world. In other words psychic problems are a result of their false cognitions. In fact, we consider the world according to our own impression, whereas the world has no good or bad in itself. As a result, affections are due to human cognition. Irrational thinking comes from beliefs, attitudes, impressions, and opinions for which there are, must, ought, and should be absolutism to prevent affective and behavioral disorders. (Shafiabady and Nasery, 1995)

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